Scientists uncover how superbug fights off antibiotic

Scientists uncover how superbug fights off antibiotic.

Thousands of people succumb to superbug-related infections worldwide annually and superbugs account for $20 billion in excess health care costs in the United States each year.

“Antibiotic resistance is one of the major public health threats of the 21st Century,” said Cesar Arias, M.D., Ph.D., the study’s senior author and associate professor in the Division of Infectious Diseases at the UTHealth Medical School. “These superbugs can make antibiotics useless, which makes certain bacterial infections virtually untreatable.”

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Antibiotics, PPIs may fuel community-associated C. difficile

Antibiotics, PPIs may fuel community-associated C. difficile

Prevention of community-associated CDI should primarily focus on reducing inappropriate antibiotic use and better infection control practices in outpatient settings. Our data support evaluation of additional strategies, including further examination of C. difficile transmission in outpatient and household settings and reduction of PPI use,’ the investigators concluded.

The CDC funded the work. The authors reported no conflicts of interest.”

IS SCREENING FOR MRSA AND DECOLONIZATION THERAPY IN THE HOSPITAL USEFUL?

IS SCREENING FOR MRSA AND DECOLONIZATION THERAPY IN THE HOSPITAL USEFUL?

“There’s a healthy debate in the North American medical field currently regarding whether it is useful to screen and decolonize patients for MRSA in this way prior to hospital admission. Detractors cite the costs of screening and subsequent measures as prohibitive to the potential benefits of eliminating a few infections. Proponents wave pharmacoeconomic studies suggesting that the prevention of just a few major infections per year in a hospital can recoup the investment in screening equipment and effort. So what’s the truth?” 

So what are your thoughts on the subject?

Health is in Your Hands

Research has shown that the spread of viruses and bacteria can largely be prevented with proper hand washing habits. Hand washing is the first line of defense against infection and it is one that we can easily control. There are some troubling results found by a survey done by KRC Research for the global hygiene company SCA. They discovered that we simply are not washing our hands as much as we should.

Out of 1,000 adults surveyed across the country:

71% claimed to wash their hands on a regular basis
58% have witnessed others leave a public restroom without washing their hands
35% witnessed a co-worked leave a restroom without washing hands
20% witnessed a worker at a restaurant leave the restroom without hand washing

Handwashing-1c

To help we thought we would gather a few best practices for hand washing.

1: Rinse your hands in warm water

2: Use soap. Any soap will do, the jury is still out on whether or not antibacterial soap is better than regular soap. You can read more about it here:
http://health.howstuffworks.com/skin-care/cleansing/myths/question692.htm and here: http://abcnews.go.com/blogs/health/2013/05/03/popular-antibacterial-soap-ingredient-draws-fda-scrutiny/

3: Lather up. Using circular motions scrub both sides of your hands and wrists. Don’t forget to get under and around your fingernails.

4: Wash for 15-30 seconds. Sing Happy Birthday or the ABC’s to help you with this timing. Wash thoroughly, but make sure you give the soap enough time to do its job.

5: Rinse: Keep your fingers pointed down, make sure you don’t touch the sink.

6: Use a towel to turn off the water. If it is automatic, let it run it’s cycle. Do your best to not touch anything with your hands, especially if you are in a public restroom.

7: Dry your hands with a towel, or air dryer.

Lets take a look at a list compiled by the CDC of when we should be washing our hands. You can read the original article here: http://www.cdc.gov/handwashing/

• Before, during and after preparing food.
• Before you eat
• Before and after taking care of someone who is sick
• Before and after treating a cut or wound
• After changing a diaper or helping someone use the restroom
• After blowing your nose, coughing or sneezing
• After touching garbage
• After petting an animal or touching animal waste
• After touching animal food.

Do you have any hand washing techniques or best practices you’d like to share?